The Greater Southern Peripheral Road: A Transformative Infrastructure Initiative


The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has embarked on an ambitious infrastructure project aimed at alleviating the growing traffic congestion in Gurgaon and its surroundings. The Greater Southern Peripheral Road (GSPR), also known as the Gurugram-Manesar Expressway, is a proposed 90-meter wide thoroughfare designed to significantly enhance connectivity between Delhi and the Manesar industrial area. This project is poised to play a critical role in addressing traffic bottlenecks, promoting economic development, and supporting the vision of Gurgaon as a smart city. This article delves into the various facets of the GSPR project, including its alignment, anticipated benefits, challenges, and the broader urban development context.

Project Overview

Strategic Significance

The GSPR is strategically designed to run along the southern borders of Gurgaon, starting from Sector 68 on Sohna Road and extending to Manesar on National Highway 8 (NH8) near the National Brain Research Centre. This alignment is intended to serve as a bypass for traffic currently navigating through the congested roads of Gurgaon. By diverting a significant portion of the traffic away from the city’s internal roads and the heavily burdened Delhi-Gurugram Expressway, the GSPR aims to facilitate smoother and faster travel across the region.

The rationale behind the strategic alignment of the GSPR is multifaceted. Firstly, it provides an efficient route for vehicles traveling between Delhi and the Manesar industrial area, significantly reducing travel time and distance. Secondly, it alleviates traffic pressure on existing roads, thereby improving overall traffic management within Gurgaon. The road’s design, which includes multiple lanes and modern infrastructure, ensures that it can handle high volumes of traffic efficiently. Additionally, the GSPR is expected to spur economic activities along its route by improving access to key industrial and commercial hubs.

Alignment and Phases

The project is set to be executed in multiple phases. Phase 1 will connect NH8, MG Road, and Faridabad Road, forming a crucial link between these major arteries. The alignment for this phase begins near the Dhanchiri Camp on NH8, proceeds east along the boundary of the Rajokri Air Force station, and then turns south towards Mehrauli-Gurugram (MG) Road. It will traverse through the Aravalli hills before reaching Faridabad Road near the Silver Oaks intersection. This phase includes an interchange with the proposed extension of Delhi’s Nelson Mandela Marg at the Rangpuri bypass, further enhancing connectivity.

In subsequent phases, the GSPR will be extended to cover additional routes, ensuring comprehensive coverage of the region. The final alignment aims to integrate seamlessly with other major roads and highways, providing a continuous and efficient road network. The phased approach allows for manageable and systematic construction, minimizing disruptions and ensuring that each segment of the road is completed to high standards. This meticulous planning and execution are essential for the success of the project, ensuring that each phase delivers on its promise of improved connectivity and reduced congestion.

Anticipated Benefits

Traffic Decongestion

One of the primary benefits of the GSPR is its potential to drastically reduce traffic congestion on existing roads, particularly NH8 and the Southern Peripheral Road (SPR). The new road will act as a bypass for traffic coming from Delhi, Faridabad, and Palwal, which currently converges on NH8 and SPR. By providing an alternative route, the GSPR will alleviate pressure on these overburdened roads, leading to smoother traffic flow and reduced travel times.

The impact on traffic decongestion is expected to be significant. Currently, NH8 and SPR are notorious for their heavy traffic, especially during peak hours. This congestion not only causes delays but also contributes to pollution and wear and tear on the roads. The GSPR, by diverting a substantial portion of this traffic, will not only reduce travel times but also improve the quality of life for commuters. Moreover, reduced congestion will lead to lower emissions, contributing to a cleaner environment.

Economic Growth and Development

The GSPR is also expected to catalyze economic growth in the region. The improved connectivity between Delhi and the Manesar industrial area will make it easier for businesses to operate, thereby attracting more industrial and commercial investments. The project is part of the larger Gurgaon-Manesar Draft Development Plan 2031, which aims to accommodate a projected population of 4.25 million people. The plan includes the allocation of 33,276 hectares of land for various purposes, including residential, commercial, industrial, and public utilities, thereby fostering comprehensive urban development.

The economic implications of the GSPR are far-reaching. Enhanced connectivity will reduce transportation costs and improve supply chain efficiencies, making the region more attractive to investors. The development plan also includes provisions for the creation of new industrial and commercial zones, further boosting economic activities. By improving access to these areas, the GSPR will play a crucial role in driving economic growth and creating job opportunities. This growth, in turn, will have a positive impact on the region’s real estate market, as increased economic activities will drive demand for residential and commercial properties.

Real Estate Boom

The GSPR is likely to spur a real estate boom in the areas it traverses. With enhanced connectivity and reduced travel times, these areas will become more attractive to developers and investors. New residential sectors such as 36A, 88A, 88B, 89A, 95A, 95B, 99A, and parts of sectors 37D and 68 are proposed in the development plan. Additionally, sectors 37D, 88A, and 88B will be exclusively developed by the government for wholesale markets, while sectors 36B and 37B will be earmarked for industrial use. The provision of affordable housing in Sector 68 further underscores the inclusive nature of this development.

The anticipated real estate boom is supported by several factors. Firstly, improved connectivity will make these areas more accessible, driving demand for residential and commercial properties. Secondly, the development of new sectors and the provision of affordable housing will attract a diverse range of buyers and investors. The GSPR’s alignment with major industrial and commercial hubs will further enhance the appeal of these areas. Developers are already eyeing these sectors for new projects, anticipating high returns on investment due to the strategic location and improved infrastructure.

Detailed Projects Along GSPR

Residential Developments

Several new residential sectors are being developed along the GSPR to cater to the growing population and housing demand. These sectors, including 36A, 88A, 88B, 89A, 95A, 95B, 99A, and parts of sectors 37D and 68, are designed to offer a range of housing options, from luxury apartments to affordable housing units. The development plan also includes green spaces, parks, and recreational facilities to enhance the quality of life for residents. The strategic location of these sectors, combined with the improved connectivity provided by the GSPR, makes them highly attractive to potential homebuyers and investors.

Commercial and Industrial Zones

In addition to residential developments, the GSPR will also support the growth of commercial and industrial zones. Sectors 37D, 88A, and 88B are designated for wholesale markets, providing a centralized location for businesses to operate. Sectors 36B and 37B are earmarked for industrial use, creating opportunities for manufacturing and other industrial activities. The improved connectivity and infrastructure will make these zones more accessible and efficient, attracting businesses and driving economic growth. The development of these zones is a key component of the broader Gurgaon-Manesar Draft Development Plan 2031, which aims to create a balanced and sustainable urban environment.

Affordable Housing Initiatives

To ensure inclusive development, the GSPR project includes provisions for affordable housing. In Sector 68, 50 hectares of land have been reserved for affordable housing projects, with a population density of 1125 persons per hectare or 450 persons per acre. These projects aim to provide quality housing options for lower-income groups, ensuring that the benefits of urban development are accessible to all. The affordable housing initiatives are supported by government incentives and policies aimed at promoting the construction of affordable housing units.

Challenges and Concerns

Land Acquisition

One of the significant challenges facing the GSPR project is land acquisition. The construction of the road requires the acquisition of approximately 395 acres of land across eight villages, including Aklimpur, Tekliki, Sakatpur, Sikohour, Naurangpur, Bar Gujjar, Nainwal, and Manesar. Past infrastructure projects, such as the Southern Peripheral Road (SPR), have faced delays due to land acquisition disputes. To mitigate such issues for the GSPR, HUDA has assured that litigated landowners will be provided with alternative plots, aiming to ensure timely project completion.

The land acquisition process is complex and often contentious. It involves negotiating with multiple stakeholders, including landowners, local communities, and government agencies. Ensuring fair compensation and addressing the concerns of affected parties are critical to the success of the project. HUDA’s approach of offering alternative plots to litigated landowners is a positive step towards resolving disputes and ensuring smooth land acquisition. However, continuous engagement with stakeholders and transparent communication will be essential to mitigate any potential issues and delays.

Environmental Impact

The construction of the GSPR, especially through the Aravalli hills, raises environmental concerns. The proposed alignment will cut through ecologically sensitive areas, which may lead to habitat disruption and ecological imbalance. Environmental impact assessments and sustainable construction practices will be crucial to minimizing the ecological footprint of the project. Measures such as the creation of green corridors, afforestation, and the use of eco-friendly construction materials can help mitigate the environmental impact.

Balancing infrastructure development with environmental conservation is a significant challenge. The GSPR project will need to adhere to strict environmental regulations and guidelines to ensure that the construction does not cause irreversible damage to the ecosystem. Collaboration with environmental experts and organizations can help in devising strategies to minimize the impact and promote sustainable development. Ensuring that the project aligns with the principles of environmental sustainability will not only protect the natural habitat but also enhance the long-term viability of the road.

Public Skepticism

Given the delays and incomplete status of previous projects like the SPR, there is public skepticism about the timely and effective completion of the GSPR. The authorities need to ensure transparency, timely communication, and proactive problem-solving to build public trust and confidence in the project. Regular updates on the progress of the project, addressing public concerns, and involving the community in the decision-making process can help in mitigating skepticism and garnering public support.

Public perception is a critical factor in the success of infrastructure projects. Addressing skepticism requires a proactive approach from the authorities, including regular engagement with the public and transparent communication. Demonstrating progress through visible milestones and delivering on promises will be essential to building trust. Additionally, addressing any issues or delays promptly and efficiently will help in maintaining public confidence in the project.

Integration with Existing and Future Infrastructure

Complementing the Dwarka Expressway

The GSPR is designed to complement the Dwarka Expressway, together forming a comprehensive road network akin to Delhi’s Outer Ring Road. The completion of both these projects will not only ease traffic on the Delhi-Gurugram Expressway but also enhance overall connectivity within the National Capital Region (NCR). This integrated network will provide continuous connectivity across major destinations, further boosting the real estate and economic prospects of the region.

The synergy between the GSPR and the Dwarka Expressway is crucial for the overall transportation network in the NCR. The integrated road network will provide multiple routes for commuters, reducing congestion on individual roads and improving traffic flow. The combined infrastructure will also enhance connectivity to key areas such as the Indira Gandhi International Airport, commercial hubs, and residential sectors. This improved connectivity will attract businesses and investors, driving economic growth and development in the region.

Supporting the Smart City Vision

Gurgaon’s inclusion in the smart city initiative underscores the need for robust infrastructure to support its growing population and economic activities. The GSPR, with its modern design and strategic alignment, is a critical component of this vision. It will facilitate the efficient movement of goods and people, support the development of new residential and commercial hubs, and contribute to the overall sustainability of the urban environment.

The smart city initiative aims to leverage technology and innovation to create a sustainable and livable urban environment. The GSPR, by improving connectivity and reducing congestion, aligns with the goals of the smart city initiative. The road’s design includes provisions for smart traffic management systems, pedestrian pathways, and cycling lanes, promoting sustainable transportation options. Additionally, the development of new residential and commercial hubs along the GSPR will incorporate smart city principles, including green building practices, efficient resource management, and enhanced public services.


The Greater Southern Peripheral Road (GSPR) represents a significant infrastructural endeavor aimed at transforming the transportation landscape of Gurgaon and its surrounding areas. By providing an alternative route for traffic, enhancing connectivity between major industrial and residential zones, and supporting the broader urban development goals, the GSPR is poised to deliver multiple benefits. However, the successful realization of this project will depend on addressing challenges related to land acquisition, environmental impact, and public skepticism. With careful planning, transparent execution, and sustainable practices, the GSPR can become a cornerstone of Gurgaon’s growth and development, aligning with its vision of becoming a leading smart city in India.

The GSPR is more than just a road; it is a catalyst for change. It promises to transform the way people travel, live, and work in Gurgaon and its surrounding areas. The anticipated benefits in terms of reduced traffic congestion, economic growth, and real estate development are significant. However, realizing these benefits requires a concerted effort from all stakeholders, including government authorities, developers, and the public. By addressing the challenges and ensuring that the project is executed efficiently and sustainably, the GSPR can set a benchmark for infrastructure development in India, paving the way for a more connected and prosperous future.

Join The Discussion

Compare listings


Unlock Offer

Submit Now to Unlock Offer